At a glance – agriculture in Rwanda

Rwanda generates 30% of its GDP from agriculture, and three-quarters of the population derives their income from the sector. Major food crops include maize, rice, banana, potato, sweet potato, cassava, sorghum and beans. Tea and coffee are Rwanda’s main exports.

The country’s Vision 2020 seeks to boost economic development and reduce poverty, making Rwanda a globally competitive and prosperous country in which its people enjoy a high quality of life. Agriculture has a key role to play in this transformation. The goal is to take it from being a subsistence sector to a market-orientated, value-creating one, through higher production and commercialisation. This is designed to increase rural incomes and reduce poverty.

In 2014, a National Agribusiness Strategy was launched to boost the sector and improve its local and international competitiveness. The objectives of the strategy include removing barriers and providing incentives for private-sector investment in agriculture, and helping value chains and agribusiness support systems become more competitive and adaptable.

Grow Africa’s work in Rwanda

Grow Africa has worked with Rwanda’s leadership since 2011, initially using USAID’s action plan for private sector development to guide its pro-investment strategy. It has worked with the government on broadening the country’s commodity ‘basket’ and looked at how investment in these sectors contributes to better development of infrastructure. 

International LOI companies in Rwanda include Royal DSM, Heineken and Jain Irrigation, while domestic contributors include Kigali Farms and Avoka Growers, which is investing in building an export supply chain for Rwandan avocados – it is estimated these could fetch more than 400% of their local value outside of Africa. These LOI relationships are still in their early stages.

Grow Africa has jointly launched a Rwanda horticulture multi-stakeholder platform with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the National Agricultural Export Development Board. It has also matched investors with opportunities in the maize post-harvest value chain.

Grow Africa has also developed a project to allow 30,000 smallholder farmers in Northern Rwanda to integrate into formal commercial supply chains for potatoes. Farmers involved can increase productivity and boost output by up to 50%. 

The three priority sectors for Grow Africa in Rwanda are fruit and vegetables, maize, and dairy. In line with government strategy to add value to the agriculture sector, Grow Africa is helping to develop a cluster of fruit and vegetable enterprises to increase learning and collaboration, and attract finance partners and international investors.

To address challenges in accessing finance for the agriculture sector, Grow Africa is also focusing on developing an Innovative Finance Working Group, an interface between finance partners and SMEs to develop a pipeline of finance options.

Grow Africa is working to link Rwanda with multi-country and pan-regional initiatives, particularly regarding maize, and is linking with the Eastern African Grain Council, East Africa Exchange and development partners on this.

Projects, Platforms, and Working Groups

Grape picking

The Rwanda Horticulture Working Group (RHWG) was launched in August 2015 by Rwanda’s National Agriculture Export Board (NAEB) to provide an informal platform for dialogue between stakeholders in th

Farm to Market Alliance propels market-based services enabling smallholder farmers to receive the appropriate information, investment and support to realize thei

The East African Potato Consortium

The East African Potato Consortium, co-chaired by Grow Africa and AGRA, aims to establish a robust potato value chain in East Africa, focusing on opportunities for value addition.

New best practice on business models

Commercializing smallholder production is of critical importance in securing a sustainable future of African agriculture.


Access to finance at affordable rates is a systemic constraint facing smallholders and agricultural SMEs across the contine

Investment Opportunities

Government - Driven Investment Opportunities

Opportunities to invest in agriculture projects

View Investment Opportunities


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